The programme aims to develop scenarios and proposals for the decarbonisation of the steel, cement and chemical sectors – with a focus on refineries. Quantitative and qualitative analysis will provide possible decarbonisation pathways and identify the most cost-effective, financially feasible and socially just technological options. The work will link possible industry decarbonisation choices to those in the European policy debate, including the reform of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), State Aid and Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanisms (CBAMs). The programme will explore practical examples of just transition in the areas most affected by the industrial sector transition.
Developing common standards for secure and resilient critical minerals supply chains
The increasing production and the pace of penetration of clean technologies required to a radical transformation of the global energy system critically depend on the availability of critical minerals. The high geographic fragmentation of mining activities and the Asian dominance in the processing and refining stages of critical minerals require a progressive diversifying, reshaping and strengthening of the global supply chain structure in order to manage supply risks.