Giulia Novati

Research Associate Industry

Italian English

Giulia Novati works as a Research Associate for ECCO’s Industry Programme


Giulia graduated in 2020 in Energy Engineering at Politecnico di Milano with a thesis on the decarbonisation of the Italian industry. Then she worked at Fondazione Politecnico di Milano as a researcher for various projects related to the energy transition of the transport, civil and industrial sectors.

Pubblicazioni di Giulia Novati

Industry and electrification: Strategic opportunities for the National Energy and Climate Plan

February 2024
The significant contribution to national emissions by the manufacturing sector depends on its reliance on the use of fossil fuels for energy purposes, as well as on emissions that are inherent in certain production processes (e.g. cement, chemicals, etc.). Framing the country’s industrial development prospects within the path of reducing greenhouse gas emissions represents a strategic opportunity. The definition of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) due by next June, is a unique opportunity for action.

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How much investment is needed for the decarbonisation of the Italian economy?

September 2023
WRITTEN BYMario Noera et al.
A propaedeutic analysis for the revision of the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP). Estimates of the total investment that Italy needs in order to align with the new European Fit-for-55 targets range between an average of EUR 122 and EUR 134 billion per year. The additional investments needed are therefore EUR 30-42 billion per year higher than estimated in the NECP (2019), and 2-3 times higher than the amount allocated in the NRRP for the green transition in the 2021-26 five-year period (an average of EUR 14.4 billion per year).

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A strategy for green steel

September 2022
WRITTEN BYGiulia Novati
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the technologies available for the decarbonization of the steel sector in Italy and to identify a decarbonization path in response, on the one hand, to the risks of de-industrialization and, on the other, to the risks of lock-in of investments in supply chains that are not compatible with the net zero emissions perspective.

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Plastics in Italy

April 2022
WRITTEN BY Giulia Novati et al.
The report analyzes critical issues, solutions and future scenarios to promote a decarbonization of the plastics supply chain that will allow the sector to remain competitive and, at the same time, remain aligned with the 2050 climate neutrality goals.

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Taranto, primary steel production

November 2021
WRITTEN BY Matteo Leonardi, Giulia Novati
Italy is the second largest steel producer in Europe and the 11th largest in the world. In 2019, 23.2 Mt of steel was produced at the Acciaierie d'Italia plant in Taranto (Ex Ilva). In this report we take an in-depth look at steel production in Italy, analyzing the specific case of the only Italian plant that currently produces it, namely the Taranto steel plant

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Climate and development: an industrial strategy

November 2021
WRITTEN BY Matteo Leonardi, Giulia Novati
Full decarbonization by 2050 requires the development of new industrial strategies aligned with climate goals. In this study, we delve into emission reduction technology options and suggest industrial decarbonization strategies to address climate change through the levers of innovation, welfare, and employment.

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