The report developed by ODI to which this briefing refers - 'A fair share of climate finance? The adaptation edition' - looks at the climate finance provided in 2021 to evaluate each country’s progress against the $100 billion goal. In addition, we produce new evidence to evaluate each country’s adaptation finance provision against the aim of at least doubling adaptation finance from 2019 levels by 2025, which we set at $40 billion – double the $20 billion reported in 2019.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine and the energy crisis which came in its wake have produced significant impacts on the energy sector in many EU countries, including Italy. This study shows that customers reacted to high gas prices by reducing consumption over and above the European target of 15%, with gas consumption dropping 18.6% from August 2022 to January 2023, in the absence of structural measures.