The increasing production and the pace of penetration of clean technologies required to a radical transformation of the global energy system critically depend on the availability of critical minerals. The high geographic fragmentation of mining activities and the Asian dominance in the processing and refining stages of critical minerals require a progressive diversifying, reshaping and strengthening of the global supply chain structure in order to manage supply risks.
The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the technologies available for the decarbonization of the steel sector in Italy and to identify a decarbonization path in response, on the one hand, to the risks of de-industrialization and, on the other, to the risks of lock-in of investments in supply chains that are not compatible with the net zero emissions perspective.
The report analyzes critical issues, solutions and future scenarios to promote a decarbonization of the plastics supply chain that will allow the sector to remain competitive and, at the same time, remain aligned with the 2050 climate neutrality goals.
Italy is the second largest steel producer in Europe and the 11th largest in the world. In 2019, 23.2 Mt of steel was produced at the Acciaierie d'Italia plant in Taranto (Ex Ilva). In this report we take an in-depth look at steel production in Italy, analyzing the specific case of the only Italian plant that currently produces it, namely the Taranto steel plant
Full decarbonization by 2050 requires the development of new industrial strategies aligned with climate goals. In this study, we delve into emission reduction technology options and suggest industrial decarbonization strategies to address climate change through the levers of innovation, welfare, and employment.